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Course Information

About this Course

This course introduces the student to the fundamental concept in environmental engineering and the relationship between development and sustainability. This course contains eight (8) topics: 1) Sustainability Management and Regulatory Requirement 2) Issues on Environmental Engineering 3) Source of Pollution , prevention and control 4) Water Pollution 5) Air Pollution 6) Noise Pollution 7) Soil and Groundwater Pollution/ Brownfield 8) Solid Waste Pollution The course duration for this course is 14 weeks.

Course Syllabus

Sustainability Management and Regulatory Requirement
Introduction to sustainability management
Philosophy of Sustainability in Civil Engineering
Environmental Law and Act 1974

Issues on Environmental Engineering
Current environmental issues in Malaysia
Water based-pollution (e.g. flood)
Land based-pollution (e.g., landslide)
Air based-pollution (e.g. haze)
Noise based-pollution (e.g, construction)

Source of Pollution, Prevention and Control
Point source and non-point source
Principles and types of prevention and control

Water Pollution
Water quality assessment (Water Quality Index (WQI) and guidelines Type of water pollutants
Tools of measurement
Impact of water pollution to environment, economic and human health

Air Pollution
Air quality assessment (Air Pollutant Index (API) and guidelines
Type of air pollutants
Tools of measurement
Impact of air pollution to environment, economic and human health

Noise Pollution
Noise quality assessment (The LN concept, The Leq concept, The Ldn concept) and guidelines
Type of noise
Tools of measurement
Impact of noise pollution to environment, economic and human health

Soil and Groundwater Pollution / Brownfield
Soil and groundwater quality assessment and guidelines
Type of pollutants in soil and groundwater
Tools of measurement
Impact of soil and groundwater pollution to environment, economic and human health

Solid Waste Pollution
Solid waste regulation and guidelines
Type of municipal and hazardous solid wastes
Solid waste generation and composition
Impact of solid waste pollution to environment, economic and human health

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1 : How does human activities impact the environment and what can be done
A1 : Humans impact the environment in several ways Common effects include decreased water quality increased pollution and greenhouse gas emissions depletion of natural resources and contribution to global climate change Some of these are the direct result of human activities whereas others are secondary effects that are part of a series of actions and reactions Water Pollution One of the biggest impacts humans have on aquatic systems is excess nutrient inputs Nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus are essential to the health and survival of aquatic plants and animals However humans introduce large quantities of nutrients primarily through overuse of fertilizers Too many nutrients can rapidly reduce water quality by causing overgrowth of certain bacteria and algae that use the oxygen necessary for other species to survive Even more problematic is that these nutrients can be transported downstream to other streams rivers and bays Therefore nutrients can reduce water quality in places far removed from where they were first introduced Air Pollution The majority of air pollution is the result of human activities For example increased fossil fuel combustion from motor vehicles industrial factories and power plants all pump large quantities of air pollutants such as carbon monoxide ozone and nitrous oxides into the atmosphere Other air pollutants such as lead based compounds can lead to serious health effects like cancer or other types of reproductive effects and birth defects Climate Change According to the U S Environmental Protection Agency human activities are largely responsible for an increase in temperature around the globe primarily due to carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions This increase in temperature is leading to changes in where crops can grow and where certain fish or animals can be found all vital for feeding an increasing human population The rise in global temperatures is also causing glaciers to melt releasing water that causes sea levels to rise and threaten coastal communities and economies that rely on coastal resources

Q2 : What can be done to control pollution to the environment
A2 : There are several simple things that people can do on a daily basis to minimize their impact on the environment For example taking public transportation biking or walking instead of driving will reduce carbon dioxide emissions Reducing the amount of fertilizer applied to lawns gardens and vegetables will lessen the likelihood of water pollution nearby which is also beneficial for drinking water and human health Using less energy in the home can lessen the amount of pollution put into the air by coal burning power plants Any activity which reduces water and energy consumption can lead to positive impacts on our environment