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Course Information

About this Course

This course equips the students with basic knowledge on drugs of plant origin. The first part reviews the quality and safety aspects of plant crude drugs as well as the registration aspects of traditional medicines. The second part reviews the main classes of phytochemicals, namely carbohydrateds, lipids, phenolics, terpenes and alkaloids. For each class, the following topics are discussed: biogenesis, structural variation, physical and chemical properties, extraction procedures, and example of plants containing these phytochemicals.

Course Syllabus

Introduction
-Crude drugs
-Histology of the main types of plant tissues
-Anatomy of the plant organs

Registration, normalisation and quality control of traditional medicines
-Regulations
-Normalisation

Carbohydrates
-Histology / anatomy of med. Plants 1
-Monosaccharides
-Disaccharides and oligosaccharides
-Polysaccharides (pectin, gum, mucilage and cellulose)

Lipids
-quality control of lipid-containing drug
-triglycerides
-fix oil
-plants used in traditional medicine

Phenolics
-Definition ? Biosynthetic outlines
-Characterisation
-benzoate derivatives
-propanoate derivatives
-cinnamate derivatives
-coumarins
-lignans
-flavonoids
-tannins
-quinones

Terpenes
-generalities
-essential oil, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes
-Pyrethrines (irregular terpenes)
-Sesquiterpenoid lactones
-diterpenes
-triterpenes and steroids
-plants used in traditional medicine

Alkaloids
-generalities
-Physico-chemical properties of alkaloids
-Tropane alkaloids
-The isoquinoline alkaloid
-indole alkaloids
-plants used in traditional medicine

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1 : Who can I contact if I have any problem with the course
A1 : Please contact Assoc Prof Dr Syed Adnan at email syedadnan uitm edu my